Henrik Grimler cedfcd8c80
win32: remove zadig.exe from repo
Carrying around this (now outdated) driver in the repo seems
unnecessary. Windows users can download latest from
https://zadig.akeo.ie/downloads/ instead.
2021-12-14 11:22:04 +01:00
README.txt win32: remove zadig.exe from repo 2021-12-14 11:22:04 +01:00


This file contains invisible Unicode characters!

This file contains invisible Unicode characters that may be processed differently from what appears below. If your use case is intentional and legitimate, you can safely ignore this warning. Use the Escape button to reveal hidden characters.

Heimdall (c) 2010-2017 Benjamin Dobell, Glass Echidna


    This software attempts to flash your Galaxy S device. The very nature of
    flashing is dangerous. As with all flashing software, Heimdall has the
    potential to damage (brick) your device if not used carefully. If you're
    concerned, don't use this software. Flashing ROMs onto your device may also
    void your warranty. Benjamin Dobell and Glass Echidna are not responsible
    for the result of your actions.

These instructions were written for Windows 7 / Vista / Server 2008 however the
procedure should be essentially the same for all supported versions of
Windows (XP onwards).

Driver Installation Instructions:

    1. Put your device into download mode and plug it in.

    2. Download zadig from https://zadig.akeo.ie/downloads/, and run zadig.exe.

    3. From the menu chose Options -> List All Devices.

    4. From the USB Device list chose "Samsung USB Composite DEvice".

    5. Press "Install Driver", click "Yes" to the prompt and if you receive
       a message about being unable to verify the publisher of the driver
       click "Install this driver software anyway".

    6. Done

Driver Uninstallation Instructions:

    1. Put your device into download mode by holding Volume Down + Home + Power.

    2. Plug your phone into your PC.

    3. Open up Device Manager on your PC (Control Panel -> System -> Device Manager).

    4. Under "Libusb (WinUSB) devices" right click on "Samsung USB Composite Device" and chose Properties.

    5. Go to the Driver tab and select Update Driver.

    6. Chose to browse your computer for the driver.

    7. Chose to pick from a list of devices drivers on your computer.

    8. Pick the original Samsung Composite driver, press next and then follow the prompts.

    9. Done

Flashing Heimdall Firmware Package with Heimdall Frontend:

    As of Heimdall Frontend 1.3 there are now two main ways to flash a ROM from
    Heimdall Frontend. The simpler and preferred option is to download a
    Heimdall Firmware Package and follow the following steps.

    1. Fully charge your device (use the wall charger as it's faster).

    2. Open the Heimdall Frontend (heimdall-frontend) executable.

    3. From the "Load Package" tab, under the "Heimdall Firmware Package"
       section click the "Browse" button.

    4. Use the dialogue that appears to navigate to, and select, the Heimdall
       firmware package that you wish to flash.

    5. You will see progress bars appear as the package is decompressed and

       When the package has finished being decompressed you should see
       information about the particular firmware package that has been

    6. Verify that your device is listed under "Supported Devices". If it's not
       then STOP immediately! DO NOT flash this firmware to your device!
       Instead search for an appropriate firmware package for your device.

       If you believe there is a mistake and your device is actually
       supported please get in contact with the firmware developer (not Glass
       Echidna!) and ask them to rectify the issue. If the developer provided
       a URL you may be able to contact them by pressing the "Homepage" button.

    7. If you've verified your device is supported you may continue to press
       the "Load / Customise" button.

    8. You should now be looking at the "Flash" tab. If not verify that you did
       in fact push the "Load / Customise" button.

       Generally, you won't NEED or WANT to customise a firmware package! In
       which case you can safely move on to step 9.

       Nonetheless, the "Flash" tab provides you with a means to customise the
       firmware package before flashing it to your device. See "Performing a
       Custom Flash with Heimdall Frontend" for more details.

    9. Put your Galaxy S device into download mode and plug it in to your PC.

       Download mode can be accessed several different ways depending on your
       particular device model. If you're unsure how to do this please search
       online for the appropriate method.

   10. Press the "Start" button.

   11. Heimdall Frontend will display the progress and inform you when the
       flash is complete.

       If something went wrong i.e. your device wasn't detected because it
       wasn't in download mode, then the status section will let you know the
       cause of the problem.

Performing a Custom Flash with Heimdall Frontend:

    This is the advanced means of flashing firmware to your device.

    If you're not an advanced user or a developer, in the event that a Heimdall
    Firmware Package doesn't exist for the particular firmware (or files) that
    you wish to flash, then I strongly recommend you get in touch with developer
    of the firmware (or files) and politely ask them to create a Heimdall
    Firmware Package for you. In doing so then you don't have to worry about
    making mistakes due to inexperience.

    If you're looking to customise an existing Heimdall Firmware Package then
    follow steps 1-8 of "Flashing Heimdall Firmware Package with Heimdall
    Frontend" then start from below with step 5.

    1. Fully charge your device (use the wall charger as it's faster).

    2. Download a decrypted device ROM or a Heimdall Firmware Package
       and extract everything to the one directory.

    3. If the ROM is not a Heimdall Firmware Package it may instead be provided
       as multiple archives (nested or otherwise), extract them all to the same

       NOTE: If you want to use the CSC then extract it last.

    3. Open the Heimdall Frontend (heimdall-frontend) executable.

    4. Select the "Flash" tab. From the "Flash" tab you're able to completely
       customise a flash. 

    5. Before you can chose which partitions you want to flash with particular
       files you MUST first select a PIT file. To do this click the "Browse"
       button in the "PIT" section. This will open a dialogue allowing you to
       navigate to and select a valid PIT (.pit) file.

       If you do not already have a valid PIT file stored on your computer you
       can download your device's PIT file from the "Utilities" tab.

    6. If a valid PIT file has been selected then "Add" button below the
       "Partitions (Files)" list-box will become enabled. Press this button to
       add a partition to your flash.

    7. When you first add a partition you will see the "Partition Name" and
       "Partition ID" be populated with information. Use the "Partition Name"
       drop down to select which partition you wish to flash. "Partition ID"
       will automatically update and is never directly editable.

    8. You must then select a file to flash to the partition that you just
       specified using the "Browse" button under the "File / Partition". You
       will not be able to flash, create a firmware package or add another
       partition until you have selected a file. However, you're still able to
       press the "Remove" button if you've decided not to flash the partition
       you've just specified.

    9. When you've specified a file name then you'll be able to see the updated
       information in the partition list to the right. You can select any
       partition from this list and customise it as you see fit.

       You can also remove a partition from the list by selecting it and
       clicking the "Remove" button. Removing a partition from the list doesn't
       remove it from your device, it simply means it will not be flashed.

   10. Repeat steps 7-9 as often as needed to specify all the partitions/files
       that you wish to flash.

   11. Now you can chose whether you would like to repartition your device as
       well as whether you would like to prevent the device rebooting once a
       flash has been completed. These options can be enabled or disabled by
       toggling the "Repartition" and "No Reboot" check-boxes.

       In the general case you will only need to enable repartition if you wish
       to change the PIT file on your device. Keep in mind that repartitioning
       will wipe your device!

       The "No Reboot" option is rarely required. It's mostly in place so you
       can manually boot straight into recovery mode after a flash (rather than
       booting up normally).

   12. If you've added at least one partition to your flash (and selected a
       file for that partition) then the "Start" button will be enabled. Press
       the "Start" button to begin the flashing process.

       You may notice that the "Create Package" tab becomes available at the
       whenever the "Start" button becomes available. From this tab you're able
       to create a reusable, redistributable Heimdall Firmware Package with the
       files and partitions you just selected. See "How to Create a Heimdall
       Firmware Package" for details.

   13. Heimdall Frontend will display the progress and inform you when the
       flash is complete.

       If something went wrong i.e. your device wasn't detected because it
       wasn't in download mode, then the status section will let you know the
       cause of the problem.

Flashing Firmware from Command Line:

    1. Fully charge your phone (use the wall charger as it's faster).

    2. Download a decrypted device ROM or a Heimdall Firmware Package
       and extract everything to the one directory.

    3. If the ROM is not a Heimdall Firmware Package it may instead be provided
       as multiple archives (nested or otherwise), extract them all to the same

       NOTE: If you want to use the CSC then extract it last. If you're asked
             to overwrite files then do so.

    4. Put your Galaxy S device into download mode and plug it in..

    5. Open command prompt and navigate to the directory where you installed

       NOTE: Adding Heimdall to your PATH variable will allow you to run
             Heimdall from any directory.

    6. Type the following to list all the functionality Heimdall supports:

            heimdall help

    7. Before flashing, you must first know the names of the partitions you
       wish to flash. These can be obtained by executing:

            heimdall print-pit --no-reboot

       The inclusion of --no-reboot ensures the phone will not reboot after PIT
       file has been downloaded and displayed. After executing a command with
       the --no-reboot argument, the next command should include the --resume

       NOTE: You can still safely reboot your phone manually (with the power
             button) after executing --no-reboot commands.

    8. Use the help and print-pit output to construct a command with all the
       file you want to flash.

       Here is an example that does a full flash and repartition on a GT-I9000:

            heimdall flash --repartition --resume --pit s1_odin_20100512.pit --FACTORYFS factoryfs.rfs --CACHE cache.rfs --DBDATA dbdata.rfs --IBL+PBL boot.bin --SBL Sbl.bin --PARAM param.lfs --KERNEL zImage --MODEM modem.bin

       NOTE: The above command assumes the files specified are installed in the
             same directory as Heimdall.

    9. Heimdall will display the progress as it flashes so that you know things
       are working as they should.

How to Create a Heimdall Firmware Package:

    Firstly, Heimdall's firmware package format is just a regular TAR archive
    compressed with gzip. The only two real requirements are that a valid
    firmware.xml must be included (refer to Appendix A) and you can only
    include files (no directories, links etc.) As such if you'd like there is
    nothing preventing you from creating Heimdall packages manually. Of course
    Heimdall Frontend provides a simple user interface that takes care of all
    the hard work for you.

    There are two ways in which you can create a firmware package. You can
    create a package from scratch, or you can load an existing package, apply
    modifications and then save the package. Creating a package from scratch
    is the preferred approach, by taking this approach you're far less likely
    to run into file name length limitations. These are not Heimdall's own
    limitation but rather a limitation of the TAR archive format.

    Before you can access Heimdall Frontend's firmware creation functionality
    (available from the "Create Package" tab) you must first specify which
    files will be included in your package, as well as a few flashing options
    i.e. Whether or not users should repartition when flashing. This
    information must be filled out from the "Flash" tab in exactly the same
    fashion you would provide information to flash your device (see "Performing
    a Custom Flash with Heimdall Frontend"). As mentioned above, it's not the
    preferred means, but you're able to load an existing package as a starting
    point for this information.

    Once you've specified the files/partitions you wish to include in your
    firmware package the "Create Package" tab will become available. Clicking
    this tab will display additional information that you can include in your
    package. In order to continue you must fill out all sections except for the
    URLs section, which is optional. The following is a break-down of what all
    these options mean.

    - General Firmware Information: -

        Firmware Name - This is the name of your particular firmware. An
            example would be "Cyanogenmod".

        Firmware Version - This is the version identifier for your package. Any
            valid string will be accepted although a the inclusion of decimal
            point version number is preferred i.e. "7.1". If it makes sense
            then feel free to append a text string like "RC1" or "Beta 1" to
            the decimal point version.

        Platform Name - This is the name of the platform (or operating system)
            that your firmware is based on. In most cases this will simply be

        Platform Version - This is the operating system version that your
            firmware is based on. Again decimal point version numbers are
            preferred over text, i.e. "2.3.4" is preferred over "Gingerbread".

    - Developers -

    URLs (Optional):

        Homepage - Here you can enter your personal URL or a URL particularly
            pertaining to the firmware being packaged. The URL must be well
            formed for it to work. An example of a well formed URL is
            "https://www.glassechidna.com.au/products/heimdall/". It is
            important to include "https://" in order to specify the protocol as
            other protocols such as "ftp://" are equally valid although
            unlikely to be used.

        Donate - Here you can enter a URL that will link users to a page to
            make donations for the effort you've put into developing your
            firmware. Once again the URL must be well formed but there is no
            requirement on how your donation page should work. For instance
            both "https://www.glassechidna.com.au/donate/" and
            "https://forum.xda-developers.com/donatetome.php?u=2710388" are
            equally valid.

    Developer Info:

        Name - Here you can enter in the name of individual team members or a
            team name. Click "Add" and the developer will be added to the list
            on the right. If you make a mistake you can select a developer from
            the list and click "Remove". You can list as many developers as you
            like however visual constraints of the "Load Package" tab means
            only a few names will be visible. Where possible you may want to
            opt for team names over listing individual team members.

    - Supported Devices -

    This section allows you to create a list of devices that are supported by
    your particular firmware. Although Heimdall isn't capable of enforcing this
    we strongly recommend you take this section seriously. If filled out
    correctly you could help save a number of accidental bricks!

    Device Info:

        Manufacturer - This is where you can enter the name of the manufacturer
            for a particular device. For now this will most likely be

        Name - This is the human readable name for a particular device.
            "Galaxy S", "Galaxy S II", "Droid Charge", "Vibrant" and
            "Galaxy S (Telstra)" are all valid names. There are a lot of
            possible variations here so be as specific as you think is

        Product Code - This is by far the most important bit of device
            information. Device names tend to be region specific and further
            subject to the whims of telecommunication companies and resellers.
            Product Codes (or product IDs) are designated by manufacturers and
            are generally the definitive means of referring to a particular
            device. Examples are "GT-I9000", "GT-I9100" and "SCH-I897". If
            you're unsure of a particular product code then both Google and
            GSMArena are your friends!

    After filling out all the necessary information the "Build" button will be
    enabled. If it's still disabled then you know you're missing some required
    information. In particular you must specify at least one developer and at
    least one supported device. Pressing the "Build" button will bring up a
    save dialogue where you must chose a file name for your particular package.
    Don't worry about specifying the ".tar.gz" extension Heimdall Frontend will
    take care of this automatically.

    Once you've chosen a file name Heimdall Frontend will begin the process of
    building the firmware package. In doing so a valid firmware.xml file will
    be generated from the information entered. All files will be archived in a
    single TAR file then the TAR archive will be compressed via gzip
    compression. Compression will take a little while but you will see progress
    bars so you know the application hasn't hung. When the progress bars
    disappear you're finished making your package.

    Congratulations! You're now ready to redistribute your firmware package
    online or by any means you see fit.

Appendix A - firmware.xml

The following details a part of the Heimdall Firmware Package format. This
is only relevant to developers or advanced users who wish to create Heimdall
Firmware Packages outside of Heimdall Frontend or in some way integrate support
for the format in their own software.

All Heimdall Firmware Packages must contain a file called firmware.xml. This
file stores flash information and meta-data for the package as well as
information about other files contained within the package.

The format is fairly straight-forward so it won't be explained in great detail.
Nonetheless the following is an example of a valid firmware.xml file.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<firmware version="1">
	<name>Test Firmware</name>
		<name>Benjamin Dobell</name>
		<name>Hedonism Bot</name>
			<name>Galaxy S</name>
			<name>Galaxy S (Telstra)</name>
	<pit>Nl3276-I9000 s1_odin_20100512.pit</pit>

New lines need not be included and the order in which elements are specified
does not need to match that of the above example.

One and only one <firmware> element must be included. The <firmware> element
must also have a version attribute specified. The version must be parsable as
an integer and indicates what version of the Heimdall Firmware Package
specification the package adheres to.

All data is stored as strings, however a <file>'s <id> element must be parsable
as an integer. The <id> value represents the partition ID (according to the
specified PIT file) that the file should be flashed to.

A <firmware>'s <repartition> and <noreboot> elements must also be parsable as
an integer. However, as they represent boolean values, a value of zero ("0")
means false (or disabled) where as a non-zero value (typically "1") means true
(or enabled).

File names are specified relative to the TAR archive in which firmware.xml and
all other files are to be stored. Heimdall Firmware Packages do not support
directories or links, as such file names should only be a name and not a path.

<url> and <donateurl> are the only optional elements, all other elements must
be included.

Appendix B - Installing Heimdall Suite from Source

    Heimdall and Heimdall Frontend both utilise CMake for managing the build
    process. CMake can generate files for various build systems including GNU
    Make and Visual Studio. However, official packages are compiled with GNU
    Make and MinGW-W64 GCC/G++.

    NOTE: Official builds use MinGW-W64 simply because on-going cross-platform
          development is simpler when using just the one IDE (Jetbrain's CLion)
          and similar toolchains.

    1. Setup a MinGW-W64 build environment by utilising MSYS2:


    2. After installing MSYS2 a command prompt will launch, enter:

        Pacman -Syu
        Pacman -S mingw-w64-x86_64 mingw-w64-x86_64-clang mingw-w64-x86_64-cmake mingw-w64-x86_64-libusb mingw-w64-x86_64-qt5-static make

    3. Add the MinGW-W64 binaries to your PATH environment variable:

        export PATH="/mingw64/bin:$PATH"

    4. Build Heimdall & Heimdall Frontend

        mkdir build
        cd build
        cmake -G "MSYS Makefiles" -DCMAKE_BUILD_TYPE=Release -DQt5Widgets_DIR=/c/msys64/mingw64/qt5-static/lib/cmake/Qt5Widgets ..